Application of Chromosome Microarray Analysis in the Investigation of Developmental Disabilities and Congenital Anomalies: Single Center Experience and Review of NRXN3 and NEDD4L Deletions


ÇEBİ A. H. , Altiner S.

MOLECULAR SYNDROMOLOGY, cilt.11, sa.4, ss.197-206, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Derleme
  • Cilt numarası: 11 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000509645
  • Dergi Adı: MOLECULAR SYNDROMOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.197-206

Özet

Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) is a first step test used for the diagnosis of patients with developmental delay, intellectual disability, autistic spectrum disorder, and multiple congenital anomalies. Its widespread usage has allowed genome-wide identification of copy number variations (CNVs). In our study, we performed a retrospective study on clinical and microarray data of 237 patients with developmental disabilities and/or multiple congenital anomalies and investigated the clinical utility of CMA. Phenotype-associated CNVs were detected in 15.18% of patients. Besides, we detected submicroscopic losses on 14q24.3q31.1 in a patient with speech delay and on 18q21.31q21.32 in twin patients with seizures. Deletions of NRXN3 and NEDD4L were responsible for the phenotypes, respectively. This study showed that CMA is a powerful diagnostic tool in this patient group and expands the genotype-phenotype correlations on developmental disabilities.