Effect of Eight Weeks of Reformer Pilates on Shoulder Proprioception Dynamic Stability and Functionality

ALTUNALAN T., ÇALIK M., Kapanşahin M.

BEZMIALEM SCIENCE, vol.12, no.2, pp.239-245, 2024 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.14235/bas.galenos.2024.46363
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.239-245
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: This study aimed to compare shoulder proprioception, dynamic stability, and upper extremity function between Reformer Pilates practitioners and asymptomatic individuals. Methods: The study included twenty individuals who practiced Reformer Pilates for eight weeks (25.45 +/- 2.56) as the case group, and twenty asymptomatic individuals (25.70 +/- 1.80) of similar age and gender, who did not participate in any exercise program, as the control group. Shoulder proprioception was assessed using the Clinometer mobile app [4.3.1 (1412091) on IOS] using an active joint position sense. The function, dynamic balance, and stability of the upper extremity and trunk were evaluated with the Y balance test - upper quarter. The dynamic stability of the shoulder was evaluated with the Closed Kinetic Chain Upper Extremity Stability test. Results: Shoulder joint position sense (p<0.001, d=1.64 to 3.07), upper extremity functionality (p<0.001, d=1.49 to 2.35), and dynamic stability (p<0.001, d=2.82) were found significantly better in the Reformer Pilates group. Conclusion: Reformer Pilates practitioners have better shoulder joint position sense, upper limb functionality, and dynamic stability.