Spatial distribution and ecological risk evaluation of toxic metals in the southern Black Sea coastal sediments


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Özşeker K., Erüz C., Terzi Y.

Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol.182, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 182
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.114020
  • Journal Name: Marine Pollution Bulletin
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Pollution, Toxic metal, Black Sea, Sediment enrichment factor, Geoaccumulation index, HEAVY-METALS, MARINE-SEDIMENTS, DANUBE RIVER, POLLUTION, WATER, ELEMENTS, SAMPLES, AREA, CONTAMINATION, OFFSHORE
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 Elsevier LtdSpatial distribution and ecological risk levels of toxic metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, Co, As, Sr, V, and La) in sediments from the southern Black Sea coastal (Türkiye) were evaluated. The sediment samples were taken in April and May 2019 from thirty-one stations, from depths ranged between 16 and 65 m. The average metal concentrations (in dry weight) varied from 59.4 ± 4.8 to 102.5 ± 12.3 for Cu, 39.3 ± 4,1 to 46.1 ± 2.9 for Pb, 104.5 ± 4.7 to 126 ± 6.9 for Zn, 21.2 ± 1.8 to 24.9 ± 1.4 for Ni, 9.8 ± 0.4 to 16.6 ± 1.5 for As, 16.7 ± 0.5 to 18.2 ± 0.9 for Co, 68.2 ± 11.4 to 123.3 ± 13.5 for Sr, 82.7 ± 13.1 to 97.3 ± 4.3 for V, and 16.2 ± 1.8 to 23.6 ± 1.8 μg g−1 for La. Geoaccumulation index (IGEO), Sediment enrichment factor (SEF), and pollution load index (PLI) indicated that Cu and Pb are above the pollution limits. Thus, continuous pollution monitoring programs should be established. Moreover, measures should be implemented more effectively to prevent pollution.