EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVE TOURISM IN THE LIGHT OF NATURAL, CULTURAL AND VISUAL RESOURCES IN TURKEY LANDSCAPE


Polat Z., Demirel O.

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND ECOLOGY, cilt.17, ss.1220-1228, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 17 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND ECOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1220-1228

Özet

The European Landscape Convention, also known as the Florence Convention, defined that, Landscape means an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors. And landscape cover the natural (sea, lake, mountain, canyon, river, valley, climatic factors, soil factors, topography, geomorphology, flora, fauna, microorganisms, human, etc.), cultural values (cultural resources and cultural heritages, etc.) and visual values. Alternative tourism is not human oriented, human is in alternative tourism. To diversification and execution of this type of tourism and execution, alternative tourism must be evaluated as nature, culture and visual oriented. It was presented recommendations for alternative tourism to be based in the natural, cultural and visual resources in landscape. And alternative tourism becomes a total subversion of the dominant models on three levels: (1) values: the conditions of aspiration and motivations for the journey; (2) process: the quality of collaboration and partnership, cooperation and synergy between external operation and local system at different stages of the phenomenon; (3) forms: social, spatial, ecological, and architectural forms are all faithful to the guiding principles of integration based on local traditional patterns and workforce. The aims of the study are: (1) to present the existence of Turkey in 4 dimensions; (2) to establish a link between alternative tourism and landscape diversity by explaining the current status of alternative tourism types in Turkey.