Processing CdS- and CdSe-containing window layers for CdTe solar cells

Ciris A., Basol B. M., Atasoy Y., KARACA A., TOMAKİN M., Kucukomeroglu T., ...More

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS, vol.54, no.21, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54 Issue: 21
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1361-6463/abe5de
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: CdS, CdSe junction partner, CSS, CdCl2 treatment, solar cell efficiency, EQE response
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The influence of heat treatment steps on the characteristics of (CdS, CdSe) junction partners and on solar cell performance was studied. CdS films were obtained by chemical bath deposition, and CdSe layers were evaporated. Structural and compositional properties of CdS/CdSe bilayer stacks did not change upon heat treatment at 400 degrees C up to 10 min, whereas heat treatment in the presence of CdCl2 for 10 min caused formation of a CdSSe alloy with a bandgap value of about 2.05 eV. Originally, the cubic structure of the stack was also transformed into a hexagonal structure during this treatment. CdSe-CdTe interdiffusion was also studied using CdS/CdSe/CdTe triple layer stacks. CdTe films were deposited using a close-spaced sublimation method. Limited CdSe-CdTe interdiffusion was seen when CdTe was deposited over the as-deposited CdSe layer at 580 degrees C. However, such interdiffusion was not detected for samples where CdTe deposition was carried out on CdS/CdSe stacks pre-annealed in the presence of CdCl2. This suggests that partial crystallization of the CdS/CdSe bilayer stack by CdCl2 reduced such an interaction. Solar cells with CdSe/CdTe, CdS/CdTe and CdS/CdSe/CdTe structures with efficiencies of 8.39%, 10.12% and 11.47% were fabricated using 4.5-5 mu m thick CdTe layers and a final CdCl2 treatment. Quantum efficiency measurements demonstrated the benefit of CdSe-CdTe alloying during the final CdCl2 treatment in improving the short circuit current values.