A simplified 3 DOF model of A FEM model for seismic analysis of a silo containing elastic material accounting for soil-structure interaction


SOIL DYNAMICS AND EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING, vol.77, pp.1-14, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 77
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2015.04.015
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-14
  • Keywords: Cylindrical silos, Soil-structure interaction, Bulk material-silo wall interaction, Seismic response, FINITE-ELEMENT-ANALYSIS, SOLID-CONTAINING TANKS, GRANULAR MATERIAL, ELEVATED TANKS, NUMERICAL-SIMULATION, STEEL SILOS, PRESSURE, BEHAVIOR, DISCHARGE, DYNAMICS
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this study is the evaluation of dynamic behavior induced by seismic activity on a silo system, containing bulk material, with a soil foundation. The interaction effects between the silo and bulk material, as well as the effects produced between the foundation of the silo and the soil, were taken into account. Proposed simplified approximation, as well as the finite model, were used for analysis. The results, from the presented approximation, were compared with a more rigorous obtainment method. Initially, the produced simplified approximation, with elastic material assumption for the grain, could determine the pressures on the dynamic material along with displacements along the height of the silo wall and base shear force, etc., with remarkable precision. Some comparisons, via a change of soil and/or foundation conditions, were also made regarding the seismic pressure of the dynamic material pressure, displacement and base shear forces for both squat and slender silos. Comparing the analytical predictions to results from the numerical simulations produced good results. It can be concluded that the model can be used effectively to perform a broad suite of parametric studies, not only at the design stage but also as a reliable tool for predicting system behavior under the limit state of the system. The results and comprehensive analysis show that displacement effects and base shear forces generally decreased when soil was softer; however, soil structure interaction (SSI) did not have any considerable effects on squat silos and therefore need not be taken into practice. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.