This study was conducted to investigate the hormonal and histological changes in the ovaries with high doses of methylprednisolone administration for acute spinal cord injury (SCI). Group I (trauma group, eight rats) were subjected to laminectomy and SCI but received no treatment. Group II (steroid group, eight rats) were subjected to SCI and received methylprednisolone (30 mg/kg, intraperitoneally). Group III (control group, six rats) underwent a sham operation without trauma and treatment. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were significantly decreased in Group II (p < 0.05). The scores of histopathological damage of the ovaries in the three groups were found to be statistically comparable (p > 0.05). Serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels in the steroid group was significantly lower compared with the control group (p < 0.05). High-dose methylprednisolone administration may effect ovarian reserve with reversible ovarian damage and can resolve lipid peroxidation in rats with spinal cord injury. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd.