Effects of two antioxidants; alpha-lipoic acid and fisetin against diabetic cataract in mice


Kan E., Kilickan E., AYAR A. , Colak R.

INTERNATIONAL OPHTHALMOLOGY, cilt.35, ss.115-120, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 35 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10792-014-0029-3
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.115-120

Özet

The purpose of this study was to determine whether alpha-lipoic acid and fisetin have protective effects against cataract in a streptozotocin-induced experimental cataract model. Twenty-eight male BALB/C mice were made diabetic by the intraperitoneal administration of streptozotocin (200 mg/kg). Three weeks after induction of diabetes, mice were divided randomly into 4 groups in which each group contained 7 mice; fisetin-treated group (group 1), alpha-lipoic acid-treated group (group 2), fisetin placebo group (group 3), alpha-lipoic acid placebo group (group 4). Fisetin and alpha-lipoic acid were administered intraperitoneally weekly for 5 weeks. Cataract development was assessed at the end of 8 weeks by slit lamp examination, and cataract formation was graded using a scale. All groups developed at least grade 1 cataract formation. In the fisetin-treated group, the cataract stages were significantly lower than in the placebo group (p = 0.02). In the alpha-lipoic acid-treated group, the cataract stages were lower than in the placebo group but it did not reach to a significant value. Both fisetin and alpha-lipoic acid had a protective effect on cataract development in a streptozotocin-induced experimental cataract model. The protective effect of fisetin appears as though more effective than alpha-lipoic acid.