Influenza pandemics have been observed in several periods throughout history. The first influenza pandemic of the 21st century began in Mexico in 2009 and has spread rapidly all over the world. Swine H1N1 has been officially declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization in June 2009. As has been observed in previous pandemics, pregnant women, adolescents, and immunosuppressed individuals are affected more severely in this pandemic. Despite several reports about the pandemic, there have not been any reports of swine H1N1 infection in individuals who underwent renal transplant. The aim of the current study was to present oseltamivir therapy in a swine H1N1-infected patient who underwent renal transplant 10 months earlier, and was thus under immunosuppressive treatment. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of a swine H1N1 infection in a renal transplant recipient.