Pseudomonas putida KT2440 INDUCES DROUGHT TOLERANCE DURING FRUIT RIPENING IN TOMATO


SAĞLAM A., Demiralay M., Colak D. N., Gedik N. P., Basok O., KADIOĞLU A.

BIOAGRO, vol.34, no.2, pp.139-150, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.51372/bioagro342.4
  • Journal Name: BIOAGRO
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Fuente Academica Plus, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.139-150
  • Keywords: Antioxidant enzymes, drought stress, plant growth-promoting bacteria, Solanum lycopersicum, ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI, GROWTH-PROMOTING BACTERIA, PLANT-GROWTH, WATER-STRESS, OXIDATIVE STRESS, ANTIOXIDANT SYSTEMS, ABSCISIC-ACID, L., YIELD, PEROXIDASE
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The current study investigated the effects of Pseudomonas putida strain KT2440 on the drought tolerance of tomato plants during fruit maturation. Plants at the ripening stage of the mature-green were not watered for 20 days to promote drought stress. Concentrations of photosynthetic pigments were determined. Bacteria-soaked tomato plants (BSS) had higher levels of chlorophyll and carotenoids than non-soaked plants (DWS) under stress conditions. Compared to the DWS, stomatal conductance, lipid peroxidation, and hydrogen peroxide content in the BSS plants decreased under drought stress. The ascorbate peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT), and peroxidase (POD) activities increased in BSS plants compared to DWS under drought stress. Furthermore, the number and weight of fruits in both DWS and BSS plants was reduced by the stress, but the reduction in BSS plants was lower than in DWS plants. These results showed that bacteria treatment conferred tolerance to drought stress in tomato plants by reducing the peroxidation extent of polar lipids (PLs), increasing photosynthetic pigment content, and activities of the antioxidant enzymes in the leaves. Therefore, P. putida KT2440 has supported high fruit yield under drought stress as a biotic tolerance elicitor for this plant stress.