In this study, the effect of animation enhanced conceptual change texts (CCT-CA) on grade 6 students' understanding of the particulate nature of matter (PNM) and transformation during the phase changes was investigated. A quasi-experimental design and one control group (CG, N = 25) and one experimental group (EG, N = 26) were used. While the control group taught traditional instruction, the experimental group received CCT-CA instruction. Two different tests, The Particulate Nature of Matter Concept Test (ParNoMaC) and The Transformation of Matter Statement Test (ToMaSaT), were administered as pretest, posttest and delayed test to collect data. Results indicate that while there is no statistically significant difference between groups in pretest, performance of EG students is greater than the CG ones in posttest and delayed test. And also, the EG students are better in remediating their alternative conceptions related to the PNM and transformations during the phase changes. Based on the study, it is concluded that CCT-CA combination may be effective way to improve students' understanding of basic science and chemical concepts. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.