Determination of Biogenic Amines in Cheese by Ion Chromatography with Tandem Mass Spectrometry Detection

Scavnicar A., ROGELJ I., Kocar D., KÖSE S., Pompe M.

JOURNAL OF AOAC INTERNATIONAL, vol.101, no.5, pp.1542-1547, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 101 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.5740/jaoacint.16-0006
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1542-1547
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A new method for determination of underivatized biogenic amines in cheese based on ion exchange chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometric detection was proposed. The method was applied to the analysis of 10 biogenic amines (trimethylamine, putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, 2-phenylethylamine, spermine, spermidine, tryptamine, agmatine, and tyramine) in different types of cheese. The amines were extracted only with water without any additional derivatization step or sample cleanup. This is a great advantage in terms of simplicity of sample pretreatment procedure compared with other currently existing methods in the literature. Biogenic amines were separated using cation exchange column, under gradient elution conditions by mixing formic acid (1.00 M) and deionized water. Detection was achieved using tandem mass spectrometry, with the instrument set into multiple reaction monitoring mode to ensure high specificity. The detection and quantification limits were in the ranges of 12-46 mu g/L and 40-153 mu g/L, respectively. The exceptions were spermidine and spermine, with detection limits of 0.8 and 5.4 mg/L, respectively. The linearity for most of the biogenic amines was from 10 mu g/L up to 10 mg/L. The best recoveries were observed for trimethylamine, tyramine, and cadaverine, and were 89, 94, and 102%, respectively. The results showed that this method can be used for routine determination of biogenic amines in different types of cheeses as well other food matrices. It must be stressed that the proposed method is capable of determining 10 biogenic amines, including tyramine, which is reported to cause food intoxication commonly associated with cheeses.